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Foundations of Metacognition$
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Michael J. Beran, Johannes Brandl, Josef Perner, and Joëlle Proust

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199646739

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646739.001.0001

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Metacognitive perspectives on unawareness and uncertainty

Metacognitive perspectives on unawareness and uncertainty

Chapter:
(p.322) Chapter 20 Metacognitive perspectives on unawareness and uncertainty
Source:
Foundations of Metacognition
Author(s):

Paul Egré

Denis Bonnay

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646739.003.0021

A state of ignorance about a proposition can result from two distinct sources: uncertainty about what the correct answer actually is, and unawareness of what the answer might possibly be. Uncertainty concerns the strength of one’s evidence, whereas unawareness concerns the conceptual components needed to articulate a proposition. This chapter discusses the implications of the distinction between uncertainty and unawareness for metacognition, and more specifically for the problem of what it takes to know that one knows and to know that one does not know. In particular, this chapter relates the distinction between uncertainty-based unknowns and unawareness-based unknowns to the two-stage model proposed by Glucksberg and McCloskey for decisions about ignorance.

Keywords:   metacognition, ignorance, uncertainty, unawareness, positive/negative introspection, implicit knowledge, self-evaluation, imperfect discrimination

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