Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Shallow Subterranean HabitatsEcology, Evolution, and Conservation$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

David C. Culver and Tanja Pipan

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199646173

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646173.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 03 June 2020

The shallow subterranean domain

The shallow subterranean domain

Chapter:
Chapter 1 The shallow subterranean domain
Source:
Shallow Subterranean Habitats
Author(s):

David C. Culver

Tanja Pipan

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646173.003.0001

The idea that there are many subterranean habitats close to the surface that are little known and do not fit comfortably into any habitat classification scheme is introduced. Four of these shallow subterranean habitats (SSHs) are unique (strict sense shallow subterranean habitats)—hypotelminorheic and seepage springs, milieu souterrain superficiel (including talus and scree), epikarst, and calcrete aquifers—and have intermediate sized habitat spaces, no light, and close connections to the surface. Broad sense shallow subterranean habitats include habitats with large (lava tubes) or small (aquatic interstitial and soil) spaces. SSHs are generally broadly but patchily distributed across the landscape although some have restricted physical requirements, such as the presence of a shallow clay layer for hypotelminorheic habitats. Close surface connections have impacts on environmental conditions, nutrient fluxes, and movement of animals through SSHs. While SSHs can be ecotones, they are habitats in their own right, and not necessarily connected with deeper subterranean habitats. They are of general biological interest because of the presence of eyeless, depigmented species, their possible role as stepping stones to adaptation to deeper subterranean environments, their geographic pattern, and conservation issues raised by them. Brief examples of each type of SSH are discussed.

Keywords:   Aquatic interstitial, calcrete aquifers, ecotones, epikarst, hyporheic, hypotelminorheic, lava tubes, milieu souterrain superficiel (MSS), soil, subterranean habitats

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .