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New Parties in Old Party SystemsPersistence and Decline in Seventeen Democracies$
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Nicole Bolleyer

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199646067

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646067.001.0001

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The Leadership–Structure Dilemma in Liberal and Leftist New Parties: Short-Term Success but Long-Term Decline through Partial Institutionalization

The Leadership–Structure Dilemma in Liberal and Leftist New Parties: Short-Term Success but Long-Term Decline through Partial Institutionalization

Chapter:
(p.125) 6 The Leadership–Structure Dilemma in Liberal and Leftist New Parties: Short-Term Success but Long-Term Decline through Partial Institutionalization
Source:
New Parties in Old Party Systems
Author(s):

Nicole Bolleyer

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646067.003.0006

Most new liberal and new left parties form as entrepreneurial insiders and form the counter-image to the rooted outsider parties dominating the Green and religious group. Being formed by national politicians, their elites are strongly office-oriented, which shows in a high rate of insider parties that enter national government. By forming or joining a new party national politicians usually hope to improve their career prospects. While these parties enter government more quickly than parties in other families, they remain vulnerable as organizations in the longer term. Being run by career politicians, these parties institutionalize in terms of routinization assuring intra-organizational coordination and conflict resolution especially within the parliamentary party but do not invest in structures generating organizational loyalty. While some of these parties have persisted for several decades and have been highly successful, their activities were tied to individual political careers, which ceased once the generation of founders left.

Keywords:   Entrepreneurial parties, entrepreneurs, insider formations, career politicians, government, liberal parties, left parties, partial institutionalization, routinization, party decline

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