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Sluicing: Cross-Linguistic Perspectives$
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Jason Merchant and Andrew Simpson

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199645763

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645763.001.0001

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How many kinds of sluicing, and why? Single and multiple sluicing in Romanian, English, and Japanese

How many kinds of sluicing, and why? Single and multiple sluicing in Romanian, English, and Japanese

Chapter:
(p.83) 5 How many kinds of sluicing, and why? Single and multiple sluicing in Romanian, English, and Japanese
Source:
Sluicing: Cross-Linguistic Perspectives
Author(s):

Frederick Hoyt

Alexandra Teodorescu

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645763.003.0005

This chapter is a comparison of sluicing in Romanian, Japanese, and English, three languages that appear to form their wh-questions in significantly different ways. Romanian has the property of multiple overt wh-movement, Japanese is a wh-in-situ language, and English shows a mixed pattern of wh-movement and wh-in-situ in multiple wh-questions. As sluicing constructions are often assumed to result from the kinds of wh-constructions a language has available, one might expect that Romanian and Japanese would exhibit very different sluicing possibilities, and that English might pattern more like Romanian than Japanese would. The chapter shows that this expectation is not fulfilled, and Romanian and Japanese show surface patterns in sluicing that are very similar. Syntactically, however, it is argued that English actually forms its sluices in the same movement-and-deletion way as Romanian, and differently from Japanese.

Keywords:   sluicing, Romanian, Japanese, English, multiple wh-movement

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