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Machiavelli, Hobbes, and Rousseau$
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John Plamenatz, Mark Philp, and Zbigniew Pelczynski

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199645060

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645060.001.0001

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Obligation, Law, and Covenant II

Obligation, Law, and Covenant II

Chapter:
(p.115) 8 Obligation, Law, and Covenant II
Source:
Machiavelli, Hobbes, and Rousseau
Author(s):

Mark Philp

Z. A. Pelczynski

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645060.003.0009

The chapter examines Hobbes’s understanding of law and authority, crucially, the difference between laws of nature and civil law; it criticizes accounts that base obligation on God’s command; and argues that it is not having a common sovereign that makes a community, but their having rules to which they can appeal to–〈M〉the sovereign enforces, but does not create the obligation, and he enforces the law of nature, he does not create it. Moreover, Hobbes sees civil and natural law as mutually supportive.

Keywords:   Hobbes, laws of nature, law, obligation, command, God, sovereign, consent, power, authority, punishment, imprudence, injustice

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