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Machiavelli, Hobbes, and Rousseau$
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John Plamenatz, Mark Philp, and Zbigniew Pelczynski

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199645060

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645060.001.0001

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Republics and Freedom

Republics and Freedom

Chapter:
(p.41) 3 Republics and Freedom
Source:
Machiavelli, Hobbes, and Rousseau
Author(s):

Mark Philp

Z. A. Pelczynski

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645060.003.0004

This chapter discusses the republican dimension of Machiavelli’s political thought, and its relationship to The Prince. It argues that Machiavelli has a clear preference for republican rule, and republican freedom. Freedom is understood as active citizenship and self-government under the law, for which a condition is equal subordination to the state and the law. Machiavelli is not a liberal, he wants liberty for his people; he assumes national egoism. He admired courage, energy, and independence of mind–〈M〉all a part of virtue.

Keywords:   freedom, self-government, law, republicanism, liberalism, virtue, individualism, class conflict

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