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Theology as Science in Nineteenth-Century GermanyFrom F.C. Baur to Ernst Troeltsch$
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Johannes Zachhuber

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199641918

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641918.001.0001

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The Origin of the Two Programmes

The Origin of the Two Programmes

Chapter:
(p.51) 3 The Origin of the Two Programmes
Source:
Theology as Science in Nineteenth-Century Germany
Author(s):

Johannes Zachhuber

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641918.003.0003

This chapter traces the origins of Baur’s ‘idealist’ model. Scholarship normally sees him as a theological Hegelian, but it is argued in this chapter that he is less indebted for his general intellectual orientation to Hegel than to the early F. W. J. Schelling. To establish this point, the chapter contains systematic studies of Baur’s early works from the 1820s. They were written before his acquaintance with Hegel’s philosophy and their substantial continuity with the ideas found in his later writings therefore mitigates Hegelian influence on his thought. The final section offers an argument for the origin of Baur’s thought in the intellectual atmosphere of early nineteenth-century German historicism with the early work of F. J. W. Schelling as a predominant factor. This finding is more than a historical footnote as it confirms for theology a pattern that has been demonstrated for the early phase of historicism more generally.

Keywords:   F.C. Baur, Gnosticism, F. Schleiermacher, rationalism, supranaturalism, nature and spirit, mythology, F. Creuzer, F.J.W. Schelling, System of Transcendent Idealism, Lectures on the Method of Academic Study, history of religions

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