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The Morality of Private WarThe Challenge of Private Military and Security Companies$
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James Pattison

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199639700

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639700.001.0001

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The Alternative Arrangements of the Military

The Alternative Arrangements of the Military

(p.115) 5 The Alternative Arrangements of the Military
The Morality of Private War

James Pattison

Oxford University Press

This chapter considers the alternatives to using PMSCs and the claims that the use of PMSCs undermines the legitimacy of the state. First, it rejects various suggestions that the use of PMSCs undermines the social contract. Second, it argues that conscripted forces are highly problematic according to the Cumulative Legitimacy Approach—even worse than the employment of PMSCs—and rejects the civic-republican claims about the import of citizens performing military service. Third, it argues that an all-volunteer force, despite facing some problems, is the most legitimate way of organizing the military. Fourth, it considers and rejects the case for complete military disarmament. Overall, the chapter argues that the use of PMSCs is worse than at least one alternative feasible arrangement—an all-volunteer force.

Keywords:   autonomy, all-volunteer force, civic-republicanism, citizenship, consent, conscription, disarmament, legitimacy, mercenarism, social contract

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