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Laws and Rules in Indo‐European$
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Philomen Probert and Andreas Willi

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199609925

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609925.001.0001

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Kiparsky's Rule, thematic nasal presents, and athematic verba vocalia in Greek

Kiparsky's Rule, thematic nasal presents, and athematic verba vocalia in Greek

Chapter:
(p.260) 15 Kiparsky's Rule, thematic nasal presents, and athematic verba vocalia in Greek
Source:
Laws and Rules in Indo‐European
Author(s):

Andreas Willi

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609925.003.0015

According to a phonological rule first proposed by Paul Kiparsky in order to account for the thematic 3sg. in -ει and other forms, word-final *-VTi metathesized to -Vi(T) in prehistoric Greek. Because of its apparent violation of the neogrammarian principle of exceptionless sound change, the rule was subsequently restricted by Warren Cowgill, but even in Cowgill’s formulation its scope remained problematic. This chapter argues that the rule should be accepted more or less as suggested by Kiparsky, and that deviant outcomes may be accounted for by sentence sandhi. Crucial support for the rule comes from the early thematization of nasal presents to roots with final *-h1-, triggered by the paradigmatically central 3sg. in -νει 〈 *-neh1-ti, and from the athematization of verba vocalia in Aeolic, where a 3sg. in (e.g.) -ει 〈 *--ēi̮ 〈 *-ei̮ei̮ led to analogical remodelling after originally athematic verbs such as τίθημι (3sg. *τίθει).

Keywords:   Aeolic, analogy, Cowgill’s Law, Greek dialects, nasal presents, neogrammarians, Osthoff’s Law, sandhi, thematic inflection

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