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Virtue and Reason in Plato and Aristotle$
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A.W. Price

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199609611

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609611.001.0001

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Plato on Acrasia

Plato on Acrasia

Chapter:
(p.252) (p.253) D 1 Plato on Acrasia
Source:
Virtue and Reason in Plato and Aristotle
Author(s):

A. W. Price

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609611.003.0008

In the Protagoras, Socrates does not allow that knowledge of how best to act can be ‘dragged about as a slave’ by pleasure or passion. What he does allow is that some accidental salience, e.g. that of an immediate attraction, can so distort the agent’s judgement that he loses his grasp of what is best (even if he continues to assert it). This position may not be as implausible as it initially seems. However, in the Republic, Plato partitions the soul, and allows as possible that a man may be seduced from what he rationally thinks best by a strong irrational desire. However, he supposes that undisciplined desire most often depraves reason.

Keywords:   acrasia, knowledge, judgement, desire, pleasure, reason, rational, appetite

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