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Virtue and Reason in Plato and Aristotle$
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A.W. Price

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199609611

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609611.001.0001

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Plato on Virtue

Plato on Virtue

Chapter:
(p.84) (p.85) B 1 Plato on Virtue
Source:
Virtue and Reason in Plato and Aristotle
Author(s):

A. W. Price

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609611.003.0004

In different periods of his writing, Plato argues for different conceptions of the unity of the virtues. He always denies that one can possess one virtue without possessing the others. He first supposes that all virtues are one, since they are identical to knowledge. This goes with an analysis of the emotions that ties them closely to judgements about what in best. In the Republic, he ascribes different emotions to three different ‘parts’ of the soul, and associates distinct virtues with these (with justice as a virtue common to all three). Philosophers possess all these virtues together; even common men who can achieve a virtue only to a limited degree must achieve the other virtues to the same degree. All men can be happy to a degree within Plato’s utopia.

Keywords:   virtue, emotion, unity, part, knowledge, courage, temperance, justice

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