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The Gendered Effects of Electoral InstitutionsPolitical Engagement and Participation$
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Miki Caul Kittilson and Leslie A. Schwindt-Bayer

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199608607

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608607.001.0001

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Electoral Reform and the Gender Gap in New Zealand and Russia

Electoral Reform and the Gender Gap in New Zealand and Russia

Chapter:
(p.85) Chapter 5 Electoral Reform and the Gender Gap in New Zealand and Russia
Source:
The Gendered Effects of Electoral Institutions
Author(s):

Miki Caul Kittilson

Leslie A. Schwindt-Bayer

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608607.003.0005

Chapter 5 focuses on two countries that underwent electoral reforms from less proportional to more proportional rules—New Zealand and Russia. Drawing on the New Zealand Election Studies, the chapter compares the gender gap in political involvement before and after the 1994 electoral reform. Although gender gaps in several political activities were relatively minimal even under the pre-electoral reform rules, gaps in other areas, specifically, political interest and campaign contributions, decreased after the adoption of a more proportional electoral system. Then, utilizing the New Russian Barometer, the chapter compares gender gaps before and after the 2005 electoral reform in Russia. Gender gaps in political interest and knowledge shrank after the implementation of a more proportional electoral system in Russia.

Keywords:   New Zealand, Russia, electoral reform, proportional representation, gender gap in political involvement

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