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Polybius and his WorldEssays in Memory of F.W. Walbank$
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Bruce Gibson and Thomas Harrison

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199608409

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608409.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 06 December 2019

How to Rule the World: Polybius Book 6 Reconsidered 1

How to Rule the World: Polybius Book 6 Reconsidered 1

(p.230) (p.231) 12 How to Rule the World: Polybius Book 6 Reconsidered1
Polybius and his World

Andrew Erskine

Oxford University Press

Most scholars have approached Book 6 in piece-meal fashion, exemplified by the tendency to translate the word politeia as 'constitution', even though Polybius includes elements which could not be called constitutional such as funerary practices. This chapter shows how Book 6 explains the success of Rome (and by implication the failure of Greek communities) holistically: elements often ignored by scholars, such as the account of enrolment for the Roman army and the Roman camp, are in fact part of a strategy of emphasizing Roman efficiency. Likewise, the overriding focus on the state's interests over those of the individual is reflected in Polybius' accounts of military discipline, and in the Roman response to the dispatch of prisoners to Rome by Hannibal after Cannae which ends the book.

Keywords:   Polybius, Rome, politeia, Roman army, constitutional theory, funerary practices

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