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The Substance of Language Volume IIIPhonology-Syntax Analogies$
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John M. Anderson

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199608331

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608331.001.0001

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Phonology and dependency

Phonology and dependency

(p.70) (p.71) 2 Phonology and dependency
The Substance of Language Volume III

John M. Anderson

Oxford University Press

The presence of the dependency relation, more familiar from discussions of syntax, is nevertheless argued to be a basic analogy between phonological and syntactic structure: it grammaticalizes cognitive salience in both cases. In phonology dependency between elements in the representation guarantees relative timing of those elements. The chapter describes the interaction of dependency, in terms of contrastivity, with linearity in both planes, and with phonological sonority. Sonority is fundamental to determining linearity within the syllable, but in accounting for syllable structure, it must be supplemented with further dependency-based concepts, specifically transitivity, modification, and specification. These also interact with weight and aperture in the phonology. Finally, the relationship between transitivity and ambisyllabicity is presented. This and the next chapter are mainly illustrated from English.

Keywords:   dependency and phonology, cognitive salience, timing, contrastivity, linearity, sonority, transitivity, modifier, specifier, ambisyllabity

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