Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Substance of Language Volume IThe Domain of Syntax$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

John M. Anderson

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199608317

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608317.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 02 April 2020

Finiteness and subordination

Finiteness and subordination

(p.290) (p.291) 7 Finiteness and subordination
The Substance of Language Volume I

John M. Anderson

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines various constructions types and their relationship to finiteness. Certain constructions, such as ‘indirect questions’ and relatives, are demoted finites: the properties that they display that are associated with finiteness do not save them from being necessarily subordinate. Indicatives, however, can typically be finite in subordinate clauses. Some other constructions are dedicated mood-markers: this is often the case with optative, hortative, and exclamative constructions, which are frequently highly idiomatic. Other constructions still, though often, even typically, occurring as subordinates, may be promoted to serve as less prototypical expressions of declarative or of more marked moods: this is characteristic of the basic non-finite construction that is usually called infinitive. Subjunctives, associated notionally with irrealis, and even counterfactuality, show properties often associated with the expression of declaratives, but are frequently demoted. Descriptions are offered for this range of construction types and their varying relationship with finiteness.

Keywords:   subordinates, non-finite, ‘indirect questions’, relative clauses, subordinators, infinitives, subjunctives, irrealis

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .