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European IntegrationFrom Nation-States to Member States$
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Chris J. Bickerton

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199606252

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606252.001.0001

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From Nation States to Member States in European Union Foreign Policy

From Nation States to Member States in European Union Foreign Policy

(p.151) 5 From Nation States to Member States in European Union Foreign Policy
European Integration

Christopher J. Bickerton

Oxford University Press

Chapter 5 focuses on foreign policy and the way processes of state transformation in Europe interacted with developments in the international system. The chapter recounts how after 1945 intra-state relations in Western Europe quickly moved beyond earlier antagonisms. However, closer cooperation on foreign policy issues was inhibited by the Cold War. Only in the period of détente was European foreign policy cooperation possible, as shown by the EC’s role in the CSCE negotiations in the 1970s. The technocratic and bureaucratic aspects of the CSCE negotiations anticipate EU foreign policy in the post-Cold-War period. The chapter explores these post-Cold-War characteristics, namely the EU’s pragmatism, its eschewal of power politics, and its orientation towards the development of functional roles for the EU within specific areas of international relations, free from any realpolitik or grand strategy. This kind of foreign policy corresponds to a Europe of member states.

Keywords:   EU foreign policy, Cold War, ideology, CSCE, post-Cold-War era, common security and defence policy, common foreign and security policy, power avoidance

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