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Enlightened MetropolisConstructing Imperial Moscow, 1762-1855$
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Alexander M. Martin

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199605781

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199605781.001.0001

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Space and Time in the Enlightened Metropolis

Space and Time in the Enlightened Metropolis

(p.36) 2 Space and Time in the Enlightened Metropolis
Enlightened Metropolis

Alexander M. Martin

Oxford University Press

Chapter Two examines Moscow’s urban space. The focus is on three aspects. One is the effort to transform Moscow’s low-density, quasi-rural pattern of development, which contrasted with Western cities and was much remarked upon by foreigners. The second aspect is the attempt to improve the city’s sanitary condition, particularly the stench of trash and sewage and the shortage of drinking water. The third is the attempt by the government to make nighttime less forbidding by lighting and policing the streets, in order both to extend state control past nightfall and to enable the citizenry to participate in a Westernized cultural life. These policies were successful until the first quarter of the nineteenth century; after that, the failure to carry out further necessary reforms gave rise once again to the impression that Moscow was backward by European standards.

Keywords:   urban planning, nighttime, smells, water, sanitation, hygiene, police, street lights

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