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Probability in the Philosophy of Religion$
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Jake Chandler and Victoria S. Harrison

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199604760

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604760.001.0001

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Probability in the Philosophy of Religion

Probability in the Philosophy of Religion

(p.1) 1 Probability in the Philosophy of Religion
Probability in the Philosophy of Religion

Jake Chandler

Victoria S. Harrison

Oxford University Press

While situating the contribution of the volume within the recent trajectory of philosophy of religion, this chapter highlights the formative role that the notion of probability has exercised on the philosophy of religion in recent times. Tracing a number of key debates from their formulation in the work of David Hume, it looks at the assimilation of probability and confirmation theory within philosophy of religion with reference to five topical areas of the discipline: testimony and miracles; design arguments; the problem of evil; Pascal’s wager; and faith and reason. In doing so, it provides short summaries of each chapter, explaining how they contribute to certain key debates. It concludes with the prediction that probability theory will continue to enjoy a profound influence on the philosophy of religion for some time to come.

Keywords:   probability, confirmation theory, Hume, testimony, problem of evil, Pascal’s wager, design argument, faith, disagreement, philosophy of religion

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