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The Making of Modern TurkeyNation and State in Eastern Anatolia, 1913-1950$
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Ugur Ümit Üngör

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199603602

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603602.001.0001

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Culture and Education in the Eastern Provinces

Culture and Education in the Eastern Provinces

(p.170) 4 Culture and Education in the Eastern Provinces
The Making of Modern Turkey

Uğur Ümit Üngör

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses how the Young Turk and Kemalist regimes used culture and education as vehicles of ‘Turkification’. It analyses how the Turkish government took the lead to launch ambitious projects of nation formation. It explores how the party attempted to penetrate every remote cell in the country using the educational infrastructure of tens of thousands of schools in order to impose Turkish culture in Eastern Turkey. The chapter demonstrates through the example of a boarding school for Kurdish girls that the prime objective was not education but forced assimilation. The chapter also addresses how high levels of coercion during this process produced high levels of popular resistance against government policies.

Keywords:   cultural policy, language policy, education, forced assimilation, Kurds

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