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The Making of Modern TurkeyNation and State in Eastern Anatolia, 1913-1950$
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Ugur Ümit Üngör

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199603602

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603602.001.0001

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Nationalism and Population Politics in the late Ottoman Empire

Nationalism and Population Politics in the late Ottoman Empire

(p.8) 1 Nationalism and Population Politics in the late Ottoman Empire
The Making of Modern Turkey

Uğur Ümit Üngör

Oxford University Press

This chapter gives an account of how the Turkish nation formation process developed from the nineteenth into the twentieth century. It introduces the eastern provinces and Diyarbekir province sociologically and addresses how nation formation in the Ottoman Empire shifted from an inclusive Ottoman patriotism to an exclusive Turkish ethnic nationalism. The chapter focuses on the Young Turk movement's discourse and plans for carving out a nation state from the multi‐ethnic Ottoman Empire. Finally, it returns to how ideas of population politics, formulated at top political levels, trickled down to the provincial level, where they became the subject of bitter conflicts.

Keywords:   Ottoman Empire, Eastern Turkey, Diyarbekir, Young Turks, population policies, Balkan wars, revanchism, ethnic polarization

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