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The Europe of ElitesA Study into the Europeanness of Europe's Political and Economic Elites$

Heinrich Best, György Lengyel, and Luca Verzichelli

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199602315

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602315.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 16 February 2020

(p.ix) List of Figures

(p.ix) List of Figures

Source:
The Europe of Elites
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

  1. 2.1 Frequency distribution of the variable ‘unification has already gone too far (0) or should be strengthened (10)?’ for political and economic elites 20

  2. 2.2 Preferences about levels of responsibility for different policies (only politicians) (%) 28

  3. 3.1 Countries’ projection on the factorial plan (axes 1 and 3) 58

  4. 4.1 Preferred level of government in policy areas (political and economic elites) (valid percentages) 69

  5. 4.2 Preferred level of government in policy areas by type of elite (valid percentages) 73

  6. 4.3 Preferences on the Europeanization of three policy areas in 10 years (valid percentages) 73

  7. 4.4 Preferences on the Europeanization of three policy areas in 10 years by type of elite (valid percentages) 75

  8. 5.1 European elites’ perception of threats to a cohesive Europe 96

  9. 5.2 European elites’ perception of threats to a cohesive Europe: elite type differences 102

  10. 5.3 European elites’ perception of threats to a cohesive Europe: country differences 104

  11. 5.4 Predicted probabilities of perceiving growth of nationalist attitudes in the EU member states as a threat to a cohesive Europe by hypothesized European elites’ groups (derived from ordered logistic regression analysis results) 112

  12. 5.5 Predicted probabilities of perceiving economic and social differences among the EU member states as a threat to a cohesive Europe by hypothesized European elites’ groups (derived from ordered logistic regression analysis results) 113

  13. 5.6 Predicted probabilities of perceiving enlargement of the EU to include Turkey as a threat to a cohesive Europe by hypothesized European elites’ groups (derived from ordered logistic regression analysis results) 114

  14. 5.7 Predicted probabilities of perceiving interference of Russia in European affairs as a threat to a cohesive Europe by hypothesized (p.x) European elites’ groups (derived from ordered logistic regression analysis results) 115

  15. 5.8 Predicted probabilities of perceiving immigration from the non-EU member states as a threat to a cohesive Europe by hypothesized European elites’ groups (derived from ordered logistic regression analysis results) 116

  16. 5.9 Predicted probabilities of perceiving effects of globalization on welfare as a threat to a cohesive Europe by hypothesized European elites’ groups (derived from ordered logistic regression analysis results) 117

  17. 5.10 Predicted probabilities of perceiving enlargement of the EU to include countries other than Turkey as a threat to a cohesive Europe by hypothesized European elites’ groups (derived from ordered logistic regression analysis results) 117

  18. 5.11 Predicted probabilities of perceiving close relationships between some EU countries and the US as a threat to a cohesive Europe by hypothesized European elites’ groups (derived from ordered logistic regression analysis results) 118

  19. 6.1 Two main dimensions of elites’ European attitude 134

  20. 6.2 National belonging, ideology, and European attitudes 138

  21. 8.1 Voter and elite positions towards more help for regions and a single foreign policy according to the party democracy model 182

  22. 8.2 Voter and elite positions towards a common tax and a common social security system according to the party democracy model 183

  23. 8.3 Voter and elite positions towards defence policy options 185

  24. 10.1 Dimensions of Europeanness––attachment to Europe (% very attached) 211

  25. 10.2 Dimensions of Europeanness––unification should be strengthened (% strongly in favour) 212

  26. 10.3 Dimensions of Europeanness––single foreign policy (% strongly in favour) 212

  27. 10.4 Country has benefited from EU membership (% benefited) 226

  28. 12.1 Sample size of political and economic elite by country (absolute numbers) 244

  29. 12.2 Distribution of non-valid answers by topic 255