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Party Patronage and Party Government in European Democracies$
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Petr Kopecký, Peter Mair, and Maria Spirova

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199599370

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599370.001.0001

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Party Patronage in Greece: Political Entrepreneurship in a Party Patronage Democracy

Party Patronage in Greece: Political Entrepreneurship in a Party Patronage Democracy

Chapter:
(p.144) Chapter 8 Party Patronage in Greece: Political Entrepreneurship in a Party Patronage Democracy
Source:
Party Patronage and Party Government in European Democracies
Author(s):

Takis S. Pappas

Zina Assimakopoulou

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599370.003.0008

Before the Greek debt crisis began in 2009, few were aware of the scale of patronage politics in contemporary Greece, and the ways it has for a long time affected the country’s policy-making. This chapter presents the first in-depth empirical analysis of Greece as a model case of ‘patronage democracy’ in the European context. It shows that the scope and reach of patronage in Greece have been the highest in Europe, and points to several state-related mechanisms that have facilitated such a growth. Although patronage is clearly evident at both the top and the bottom end of public administration, its functions have been different: control in the former case, reward in the latter one. Patronage is, moreover, shown not to have been the result of political parties acting as unitary actors but rather of individual political entrepreneurs thriving inside parties and using state-related resources for individual political gains.

Keywords:   Greece, patronage democracy, Greek debt crisis, Pasok, two-party politics, polarization, statism

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