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Citizens, Context, and ChoiceHow Context Shapes Citizens' Electoral Choices$
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Russell J. Dalton and Christopher J. Anderson

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199599233

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599233.001.0001

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Strategic Defection Across Elections, Parties, and Voters *

Strategic Defection Across Elections, Parties, and Voters *

Chapter:
(p.176) 8 Strategic Defection Across Elections, Parties, and Voters*
Source:
Citizens, Context, and Choice
Author(s):

André Blais (Contributor Webpage)

Thomas Gschwend

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599233.003.0008

This chapter examines the propensity to strategically defect from one's preferred party. The study uses CSES module 2 and covers twenty-five democratic lower house elections. This chapter finds that nonpartisans and supporters of weak parties are more prone to cast a strategic vote and that the less informed are as likely to strategically defect as the most informed. The electoral system, the degree of disproportionality and polarization, and the number of parties have no direct effect. The only significant contextual effect is a conditional one. While strategic desertion is almost exclusively at the expense of weak parties in the most disproportional systems, the bias is much more muted in the most proportional systems.

Keywords:   voting behavior, electoral systems, strategic voting, polarization, disproportionality, party systems, defection, CSES

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