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The EU's Decision TrapsComparing Policies$
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Gerda Falkner

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199596225

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596225.001.0001

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Environmental Policy in the Joint-Decision Trap?

Environmental Policy in the Joint-Decision Trap?

The Critical Balance between ‘Market Making’ and ‘Market Correcting’

Chapter:
(p.110) 7 Environmental Policy in the Joint-Decision Trap?
Source:
The EU's Decision Traps
Author(s):

Katharina Holzinger

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596225.003.0007

The EU began its environmental policy in the early 1970s, long before its legal base was introduced into the Treaty in 1987. Unanimous decision-making and the consultation procedure applied until 1987, only gradually substituted by qualified majority voting and the co-decision procedure. The level of conflict over environmental proposals was often high among member states and in the supranational institutions. Nevertheless, more than 500 legislative acts had been adopted by 2008. These were not only concerned with the creation of the internal market (negative integration) but often established ambitious goals to overcome environmental problems and correct market failures (positive integration). The chapter demonstrates how member states and supranational institutions succeeded in escaping the joint-decision trap through the effective employment of techniques for avoiding deadlock.

Keywords:   environmental policy, internal market, positive integration, negative integration, joint-decision trap

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