The Introduction includes a discussion of the nature of metaphysical inquiry and an overview of the chapters that follow. Substances are simple, lacking parts that are themselves substances. Properties are modes, not universals, particular ways particular substances are. Arrangements of interrelated propertied substances serve as truthmakers for truths that have truthmakers. Relational truths are indispensable, but it could turn out that truthmakers for such truths are nonrelational features of the universe. Ontology cannot be ‘read off’ sentences used to express truths about the universe. The deep story about the nature of these truthmakers is the subject matter of fundamental physics.
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