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Sacred HistoryUses of the Christian Past in the Renaissance World$
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Katherine Van Liere, Simon Ditchfield, and Howard Louthan

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199594795

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594795.001.0001

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Cesare Baronio and the Roman Catholic Vision of the Early Church *

Cesare Baronio and the Roman Catholic Vision of the Early Church *

(p.52) 3 Cesare Baronio and the Roman Catholic Vision of the Early Church*
Sacred History

Giuseppe Antonio Guazzelli

Oxford University Press

The Oratorian priest — later cardinal — Cesare Baronio (Sora 1538–Rome 1607), was extensively involved in several projects promoted by the Roman Curia, after the closure of the Council of Trent, to define Catholic doctrine and liturgy, as well as to outline the history of the Church in polemical response to the Protestant Magdeburg Centuries. His major works are the Notationes to the Martyrologium romanum (first published in Rome in 1586) and the Annales ecclesiastici (12 vols., Rome 1588–1607), in which he set out the history of the Church from the birth of Christ down to ad 1198. What emerges is a Roman Church portrayed as ‘ever the same’ down through the centuries and completely respectful of doctrines and rites established in the Apostolic age. Baronio also outlined a history where the Chuch was the protagonist, showing it as having been victorious not only against heresies and paganism, but also against rulers who were far from orthodox or who were even openly hostile towards the Church.

Keywords:   Baronio, Cesare, Martyrologium romanum, Annales ecclesiastici, history of the Church

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