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Justice in a Globalized WorldA Normative Framework$
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Laura Valentini

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199593859

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593859.001.0001

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Justifying Cosmopolitanism: A Methodological Critique

Justifying Cosmopolitanism: A Methodological Critique

Chapter:
(p.44) 3 Justifying Cosmopolitanism: A Methodological Critique
Source:
Justice in a Globalized World
Author(s):

Claus Nielsen

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593859.003.0003

This chapter considers the different methodologies grounding the justification of cosmopolitan principles and shows that they are affected by significant difficulties. It distinguishes between two forms of cosmopolitanism: relational and non-relational. Proponents of the former problematically ground their defence of global egalitarian justice on the empirically dubious claim that there exists a basic global structure much like the basic structure of domestic societies. Proponents of the latter fail to offer a convincing defence of global equality because they give excessive weight to intuitions about highly counterfactual scenarios, which should be largely discounted when designing a theory of justice for the world we live in. Because both relational and non-relational cosmopolitans’ defence of global egalitarian justice rests on shaky grounds – either dubious empirical claims or unreliable moral intuitions – the chapter concludes that neither is vindicated.

Keywords:   relational cosmopolitanism, non-relational cosmopolitanism, basic structure, intuitions, justice, assistance, demandingness, thought-experiments, Simon Caney, Charles Beitz

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