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Regulating the Risk of UnemploymentNational Adaptations to Post-Industrial Labour Markets in Europe$
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Jochen Clasen and Daniel Clegg

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199592296

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592296.001.0001

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The Netherlands: two tiers for all

The Netherlands: two tiers for all

(p.74) (p.75) 5 The Netherlands: two tiers for all
Regulating the Risk of Unemployment

Marcel Hoogenboom

Oxford University Press

In the Netherlands, the reforms in unemployment provision of the past three decades amount to a levelling of rights and statuses within a still two-tier unemployment provision system. On the one hand, unemployment insurance, which until the mid-1980s was only open to some categories of employees, has been opened up for the large majority of the dependent labour force. On the other hand, since regulations of unemployment insurance have been tightened and benefits duration limited, the risk of dependence on flat-rate and means-tested social assistance has become a reality for the large majority of Dutch employees too. The result is a system that combines Bismarckian and Beveridgean features, and is now composed of a relatively short-term, wage-replacing insurance and a flat-rate social assistance scheme that is open to nearly all employees, increasingly funded through taxation rather than contributions, and run almost exclusively by central state institutions.

Keywords:   The Netherlands, unemployment insurance, social assistance, activation, administrative integration

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