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The Economics of ClustersLessons from the French Experience$
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Gilles Duranton, Philippe Martin, Thierry Mayer, and Florian Mayneris

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199592203

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592203.001.0001

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Public Support for Clusters: A Case Study on French ‘Local Productive Systems’

Public Support for Clusters: A Case Study on French ‘Local Productive Systems’

(p.137) 5 Public Support for Clusters: A Case Study on French ‘Local Productive Systems’
The Economics of Clusters

Gilles Duranton

Philippe Martin

Thierry Mayer

Florian Mayneris

Oxford University Press

This chapter analyses empirically a public policy promoting industrial clusters in France. Cluster policies have become popular in many countries but have not been extensively evaluated empirically. The chapter uses data on production and employment for firms that benefited from the policy and for firms that did not, both before and after the policy started. It first shows that the policy selected firms in relative decline. Furthermore, the results suggest that the policy had no major effect either on their productivity or in terms of employment.

Keywords:   clusters, cluster policies, localization economies, spatial concentration, productivity

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