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The Economics of ClustersLessons from the French Experience$
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Gilles Duranton, Philippe Martin, Thierry Mayer, and Florian Mayneris

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199592203

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592203.001.0001

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(p.1) 1 Introduction
The Economics of Clusters

Gilles Duranton

Philippe Martin

Thierry Mayer

Florian Mayneris

Oxford University Press

Cluster policies have become very popular among policy makers over the last thirty years. Following the success of Silicon Valley and following the influential work by Michael Porter, clusters have come to be seen by many as the magical formula for regional development, innovation, and growth. They also appeared as a way to renew industrial policies fallen into disrepute. Most of the extant works on clusters are qualitative. These approaches are very useful but fail to put some numbers on the effects at play. This is what this book tries to do in the French case. France is interesting for this topic since there is a long tradition of strong government intervention regarding the location of economic activity and because French cluster initiatives are more or less unified across the country.

Keywords:   clusters, cluster policies, regional development

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