This book developed from discussions in 2006 between Sigrid Quack, then Chair of the European Group for Organization Studies (EGOS), Richard Whitley, and Lars Engwall about how the changing governance of the public sciences in many countries was affecting the direction of organization studies. These led to the forming of a subtheme group on ‘The Changing Organisation of the Sciences and the Changing Sciences of Organisation’ at the 2008 EGOS Colloquium in Amsterdam. It generated enough interrelated papers to form the basis of a coherent volume about the effects of the restructuring of public science systems on the authority relationships governing research activities and, consequentially, on intellectual innovations in different scientific fields. Revised versions of these contributions, together with a few new invited papers were discussed at a workshop held at the Royal Swedish Academy of Letters, History and Antiquities in Stockholm in February 2009. We are most grateful to the Academy for its support and assistance in hosting this workshop. We are also indebted to the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation for financial support for this event. Finally, we want to thank all the participants at the two meetings for their contributions to our discussions, and to the authors of the chapters in this book for responding so effectively to our editorial suggestions.