Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Calendars in AntiquityEmpires, States, and Societies$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Sacha Stern

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199589449

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589449.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 01 April 2020

The Egyptian Calendar

The Egyptian Calendar

(p.125) 3 The Egyptian Calendar
Calendars in Antiquity

Sacha Stern

Oxford University Press

This chapter deals mainly with the Egyptian civil calendar, a fixed scheme of 365 days. Questions arise about its ancient origins, its gradual drift from the sun and seasons (e.g., whether it was compensated by an alternative, ‘Sothic’ calendar), and whether attempts were ever made to reform it (the decree of Canopus). The chapter also examines the lunar calendars that were used in temples, how these calendars were regulated, whether fixed lunar cycles were used (e.g., the Carlsberg papyrus), and how these calendars related on the one hand to the civil calendar, and on the other to the lunar, Macedonian calendars introduced by the Ptolemaic rulers. It considers the evidence of the Ebers papyrus and other key documents. It concludes with a discussion of the peculiarity of the Egyptian civil calendar, in the context of Egypt and in the ancient world.

Keywords:   calendar, Egyptian, civil, lunar, Sothic, Canopus, Ptolemaic, cycles, Carlsberg, Ebers

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .