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IbâḍismOrigins and Early Development in Oman$
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John C. Wilkinson

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199588268

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588268.001.0001

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The Establishment of the Imamate in Oman

The Establishment of the Imamate in Oman

(p.241) 8 The Establishment of the Imamate in Oman

John C. Wilkinson

Oxford University Press

This chapter explains how the tribal rivalry of the Julandâ feud was exploited by the Ibâḍi missionaries to win victory at the battle of Majâza (177/793) and establish the Imamate. It analyses the basic balance of power between various potential factions and how and why the first main Imams were selected, along with a brief description of their rule. The chapter ends with Omani overseas expansion, showing how an Omani navy was organized, the piratical menace of the bawârij who had menaced Indian Ocean trade since the collapse of Sasanid power were dealt with, and Sohar became a major entrepôt.

Keywords:   Julandâ feud, Ibâḍi missionaries, Imamate, Oman, Imams, Omani navy, Sohar, Majâza

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