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IbâḍismOrigins and Early Development in Oman$
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John C. Wilkinson

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199588268

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588268.001.0001

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The Conversion to Islam

The Conversion to Islam

(p.67) 3 The Conversion to Islam

John C. Wilkinson

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses pre-Islamic religion and the conversion of the Arab tribes in Oman, how they drove the Persian occupants out and took possession of the settled lands. It then examines the conflicting histories of the ridda (apostasy) wars in some detail, not only because anything new relevant to the period of the Prophet and the immediate aftermath of his death is of concern to Muslim history, but also because the tribal and religious bias of the classical Arabic sources against the Yamani tribes and the much feared Ibâḍi ‘shurât’ has downplayed the role of Oman. The chapter concludes with an examination of the system of Caliphate government as it became incorporated into the Islamic state and the tribes became involved in campaigns in Sasanid territory, first based on Tawwaj and then on Basra (Ch IV), with the consequence that Oman itself lapsed into a tribal backwater under the pre-Islamic dynasty of the Julandâ.

Keywords:   pre-Islamic religion, Oman, Caliphate government, Tawwaj, Basra, ridda wars, Julandâ, Ibâḍi

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