Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
IbâḍismOrigins and Early Development in Oman$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

John C. Wilkinson

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199588268

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588268.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 29 January 2020



(p.413) 14 Madhhabization

John C. Wilkinson

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the final stages in Ibâḍism developing as a madhhab. In Oman it was essentially the work of 'Awtabi who finalized the process of conforming to the criteria of the Shâfi'i-Ash'ari school, but avoiding the Sunni criteria of hadîth scholarship by formalizing a chain of Ibâḍi hamalat al–'ilm, whose âthâr provide the equivalent of the Sunni isnâd chains. A comparison is made between developments in Oman and the Maghrib where two trends evolved — one introspective, aimed at ensuring the survival of true values in the small communities like the Mzab; the other to establish oneself as the true firqa and go out and do battle with the others. The latter approach prevailed in Oman, but in a 5–6/11–12th century revivalist movement in the Maghrib it went to the extent of Abû Ya'qûb al–Warjlâni ‘Arranging (Tartîb)’ a hadîth collection, supposedly essentially transmitted by al–Rabî' b. Habîb from Abû 'Ubayda and back through Jâbir b. Zayd to Ibn 'Abbâs and the first Muslims. The origins of this work (along with other important Mashriqi material preserved in the Maghrib, notably the Mudawwana) is examined and shown to be a manipulation that has done great disservice to the Ibâḍis, leading them to be called the ‘Fifthers’ in the Maghrib. At the same time, the Maghribis rationalized the early history of Ibâḍism with a line of Imams in kitmân in Basra, exaggerating the role of Abû 'Ubayda and eliminating the key role played by other proto-Ibâḍis. It was only really with the development of an Ibâḍi renaissance from the 17th century onwards and yet further conformism of the madhhab to Sunni norms that this hadîth collection found nominal acceptance in Oman along with the Maghribi model of Ibâḍi origins.

Keywords:   madhabization, 'Awtabi, Shâfi'i, Oman, Maghrib, Ibâḍi origins, Ibâḍism, Mudawwana, hadîth

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .