Chapter 4, ‘Revolutions’, examines the varying forms in which activists conceived of revolution, whether in political terms, above all as a Marxist proletarian revolution, or cultural or lifestyle terms, challenging the nuclear family and conventional morality through sexual liberation, gender equality and artistic innovation. It investigates how the ‘May ’68’ Parisian model of revolution was received and reacted to in very different parts of Europe. It also traces how revolutionary strategies were reinvented after the authorities clamped down on the main wave of unrest in the summer of 1968, with activists variously going underground to pursue political revolution, moving the emphasis to cultural and lifestyle revolution, or looking to the community rather than class as the vehicle of radical social change.
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