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Applied Evolutionary Psychology$
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S. Craig Roberts

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199586073

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586073.001.0001

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Gender equity issues in evolutionary perspective

Gender equity issues in evolutionary perspective

Chapter:
(p.131) Chapter 9 Gender equity issues in evolutionary perspective
Source:
Applied Evolutionary Psychology
Author(s):

Bobbi S Low

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586073.003.0009

As men’s and women’s work and social roles have converged in modern times, questions of gender equity arise: Are women promoted as promptly as comparable men? Paid as well? Here I examine men’s and women’s roles, and the sexual division of labour, first across traditional societies, where divisions of labour are common often do not “favour” either sex. In sexual matters, however, men tend to control and dominate women in traditional societies. In modern nation-states, men’s and women’s opportunities range from essentially indistinguishable (several Scandinavian countries) to favouring men strongly. The level of Human Development Index, calculated by the UNDP, allows calculation of relative equality, both in general social issues, and in political and economic realms; it is strongly correlated with gender equity. In addition, when a major religion exists (i.e., when more than 55% of people are regarded as being of one religions persuasion), large differences can arise.

Keywords:   sex differences, sexual equality, gender issues, gender equality

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