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The Varieties of Pension GovernancePension Privatization in Europe$
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Bernhard Ebbinghaus

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199586028

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586028.001.0001

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The Netherlands: Adapting a Multipillar Pension System to Demographic and Economic Change

The Netherlands: Adapting a Multipillar Pension System to Demographic and Economic Change

Chapter:
(p.292) 11 The Netherlands: Adapting a Multipillar Pension System to Demographic and Economic Change
Source:
The Varieties of Pension Governance
Author(s):

Karen M. Anderson

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586028.003.0011

The Netherlands departed from the Bismarckian social insurance tradition by combining flat-rate public basic pensions with quasi-mandatory, funded occupational pensions with near universal coverage. The emergence, expansion, and reorganization of occupational pensions show their close integration with the public pension scheme. Many efforts helped expand and improve coverage through collective agreements by employers and trade unions. Short case studies of pension funds in the public and private sector highlight the core features of the Dutch system as well as its institutional variation. In the wake of the financial crisis, occupational pensions were scaled back since these defined-benefit (DB) pensions were threatened by underfunding. Current debates question the future viability of the Dutch system in an era marked by both demographic ageing and volatile financials.

Keywords:   The Netherlands, multipillar pension system, occupational pensions, employers, trade unions, collective agreements, defined-benefit pensions, financial crisis, pension fund governance

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