This chapter explores what ‘values’ are believed to be protected, or ought to be protected, by international law rules. Values make sense of existing rules and provide guidance for the rules to come. The discussion focuses on five basic global values: security, humanity, wealth, environment, and knowledge. Values tend to interact and raise the question of whether and how separate legal rules and regimes underlying different values can be coordinated with one another. This chapter first focuses on the rules which protect, or ought to better protect, the basic values and then turns to the interaction between rules, or classes of rules, protecting conflicting values. It argues that there is much to struggle for, both in improving global justice and overcoming inconsistencies.
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