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The Poor under Globalization in Asia, Latin America, and Africa$
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Machiko Nissanke and Erik Thorbecke

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199584758

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584758.001.0001

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Globalization and Rural Poverty: Perspectives from a Social Observatory in the Philippines

Globalization and Rural Poverty: Perspectives from a Social Observatory in the Philippines

Chapter:
(p.146) 6 Globalization and Rural Poverty: Perspectives from a Social Observatory in the Philippines
Source:
The Poor under Globalization in Asia, Latin America, and Africa
Author(s):

Yujiro Hayami

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584758.003.0006

Using a rice village in the Philippines as a social observatory, the impacts of modernization forces under globalization on rural poverty are assessed based on data collected from recurrent household surveys over the past three decades. After cultivation frontiers closed in the early 1950s relentless population increases continued to press hard on limited land resources in this village. This pauperizing force was counteracted to some extents by the development of irrigation systems followed by the diffusion of modern high‐yielding varieties of rice. However, the much‐more‐important factor that prevented poverty incidence from increasing and income inequality from worsening was identified as the expansion of non‐farm employment opportunities resulting from the increased integration of this village with wide urban and foreign markets. This finding does not lend support to the popular assertion that the encroachment of markets into traditional agrarian communities tends to result in greater inequality and misery of the poor.

Keywords:   agriculture, globalization, Philippines, poverty

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