Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Metaphysics of the Incarnation$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Anna Marmodoro and Jonathan Hill

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199583164

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583164.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 19 January 2020

The coherence of the Chalcedonian Definition of the incarnation 1

The coherence of the Chalcedonian Definition of the incarnation 1

Chapter:
(p.153) 8 The coherence of the Chalcedonian Definition of the incarnation1
Source:
The Metaphysics of the Incarnation
Author(s):

Richard Swinburne (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583164.003.0008

The definition of the Council of Chalcedon provides the standard orthodox account of the incarnation of Jesus. This states that the Son, the second person of the Trinity, while remaining divine, acquired a perfect human nature (having a ‘rational soul’ and a human body). As Son, he is a spiritual being, having all the divine properties (such as omnipotence, omniscience, perfect freedom, and so perfect goodness). He could only acquire in addition to the divine nature ‘a rational soul’ if that is understood as acquiring a human way of thinking and acting; and not as acquiring a soul in the Platonic sense of a substance which forms the essential part of a human being. A person can have two separate ways of thinking and acting, the divine and the human, along the lines of a Freudian model in which the person thinking and acting in one way (the human way) is not fully aware of thinking and acting in the other way (the divine way). However his ‘perfect humanity’ must be understood in such a way as to involve inability to sin (although compatible with an ability to do less than the best).

Keywords:   nature, abstractism, human nature, soul, individuation, consciousness, beliefs, temptation, supererogation

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .