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The Metaphysics of the Incarnation$
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Anna Marmodoro and Jonathan Hill

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199583164

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583164.001.0001

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The metaphysics of the Extended Mind in ontological entanglements 1

The metaphysics of the Extended Mind in ontological entanglements 1

Chapter:
(p.205) 11 The metaphysics of the Extended Mind in ontological entanglements1
Source:
The Metaphysics of the Incarnation
Author(s):

Anna Marmodoro (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583164.003.0011

The human mind often relies on external mechanisms for carrying out its cognitive processes, for example by using a calculator. Vehicle externalism and in particular the Extended Mind theory (Clark and Chalmers 1998) explore whether such external mechanisms, under specified conditions, are more than mere instruments for the mind; the claim is that they are parts of the mind and thus extend it beyond its outer boundaries of skin and skull. This chapter argues that high degrees of interdependence between the mind and its extensions give rise to ontological entanglements, with respect to which there is at present no theory of individuation which can tell us how many entities there are in the entanglement and what type of entity the entanglement is. The chapter argues that the Extended Mind theory sheds light on the problem of the incarnation by motivating, in a more intuitively compelling way, the need for new ways of thinking about oneness and distinctness. The problems we encounter with the metaphysics of the incarnation are not peculiar to it; the solutions might not be either.

Keywords:   Extended Mind theory, externalism, entanglement, ontological dependence, individuation, extension, constitution, natural kinds, Kripkean essentialism, David Chalmers, Andy Clark

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