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The Ecology of Snow and Ice Environments$
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Johanna Laybourn-Parry, Martyn Tranter, and Andrew J. Hodson

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199583072

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583072.001.0001

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Ice surface environments

Ice surface environments

(p.47) Chapter 3 Ice surface environments
The Ecology of Snow and Ice Environments

Johanna Laybourn-Parry

Tranter Martyn

Hodson Andrew J.

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on ice shelves, supraglacial habitats (snow, supraglacial lakes, cryoconites holes), and other debris habitats including the ice margin. It discusses the nature of mat communities, and their photosynthetic and biogeochemical activity; the hydrology of glacier ice surfaces and the biology of supraglacial melt habitats; the formation of cryoconite and cryoconite holes, and their impact on albedo; and cryoconite hole communities, and their biological makeup, photosynthesis, bacterial production, metazoan activity, and viral dynamics for Arctic, Antarctic, and alpine glaciers.

Keywords:   albedo, cryoconites holes, supraglacial lakes, ice shelf lakes, photosynthesis, bacterial production, Cyanobacteria, viruses, Metazoa

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