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Grammatical ChangeOrigins, Nature, Outcomes$
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Dianne Jonas, John Whitman, and Andrew Garrett

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199582624

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582624.001.0001

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Antipassive in Austronesian alignment change

Antipassive in Austronesian alignment change

Chapter:
(p.332) 17 Antipassive in Austronesian alignment change
Source:
Grammatical Change
Author(s):

Edith Aldridge

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582624.003.0017

This chapter proposes that an ergative language becomes split-ergative by a reanalysis of its antipassive construction as syntactically transitive. A split-ergative language then can evolve into an accusative language through the further reanalysis of transitive ergative clauses as passive. It illustrates this continuum with the ergative language Tagalog, the split-ergative languages Malagasy and Seediq, and the predominantly accusative standard Indonesian.

Keywords:   ergative language, split-ergative language, antipassive construction, accusative language, Tagalog, Malagasy, Seediq, Indonesian

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