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Historians and NationalismEast-Central Europe in the Nineteenth Century$
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Monika Baár

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199581184

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581184.001.0001

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The Golden Age

The Golden Age

(p.224) 8 The Golden Age
Historians and Nationalism

Monika Baár (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Chapter 8, ‘The Golden Age’, compares the periods which the historians saw as the most successful eras in national history. For Lelewel, this period was to be found in the days of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. Daukantas venerated the early, pagan period in the history of Lithuania, and in a more extended sense, the era before the Union of Lublin (1569). Palacký identified the pinnacle of Czech history with the Hussite movement in the fifteenth century. Kogălniceanu associated the golden age with moments of unity in Romanian history, in particular with the reign of Michael the Brave in the late sixteenth century. Horváth saw contemporary Hungary, the Reform Age (1823–48), as an exceptional era. The chapter demonstrates that the scholars reached nearly identical conclusions when defining the attributes of the golden age: these included individual and collective freedom, a tolerant environment and national unity.

Keywords:   golden age, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, pagan Lithuania, Hussite movement, John Hus, Michael the Brave (Romanian ruler), Reform Age in Hungary

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