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Historians and NationalismEast-Central Europe in the Nineteenth Century$
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Monika Baár

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199581184

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581184.001.0001

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Romantic Historiography in the Service of Nation‐Building

Romantic Historiography in the Service of Nation‐Building

(p.46) 2 Romantic Historiography in the Service of Nation‐Building
Historians and Nationalism

Monika Baár (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Chapter 2, ‘Romantic Historiography in the Service of Nation‐Building’, discusses the historians' expectations of historical writing and explores how their ambitions related to those of the representatives of Enlightenment‐style general history and representatives of Romantic national history elsewhere. These goals included the democratization of the content, the democratization of the medium and the democratization of the audience. They sought to write histories in a pragmatic, impartial manner and believed that history was magistra vitae. Relating the five scholars'goals to mainstream developments, the chapter demonstrates that there existed a general blueprint of national history‐writing in this period, one which emphasized the ancient, continuous, unified and unique nature of national history. Lastly, a comparison is undertaken between self‐congratulatory accounts in mainstream historiography and the historians' change‐oriented emancipatory rhetoric.

Keywords:   Enlightenment, Romanticism, magistra vitae, impartiality, blueprint of national historiography, antiquity, continuity, unity, uniqueness, democratization

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