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Who Needs Migrant Workers?Labour shortages, immigration, and public policy$
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Martin Ruhs and Bridget Anderson

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199580590

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580590.001.0001

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A Need for Migrant Labour? UK–US Comparisons

A Need for Migrant Labour? UK–US Comparisons

(p.295) 10 A Need for Migrant Labour? UK–US Comparisons
Who Needs Migrant Workers?

Philip Martin

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses research and policy approaches to assessing labour shortages and the implications for immigration policy in the UK and the US, with a particular focus on the potential lessons of the UK's Migration Advisory Committee (MAC) for current debates about immigration reform in the US. The MAC's approach to assessing labour shortages and the review of particular British labour markets employing or requesting migrants highlight the importance of obtaining and reviewing both top‐down and bottom‐up data on labour supply and demand, and of considering the alternatives to migrant workers in response to perceived labour shortages in specific sectors and occupations. These are the two key insights of the current British model for US debates about labour shortages and immigration reform.

Keywords:   migrant workers, labour shortages, immigration policy, UK‐US comparisons

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