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Selecting International Judges: Principle, Process, and Politics$
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Ruth Mackenzie, Kate Malleson, Penny Martin, and Philippe Sands QC

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199580569

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580569.001.0001

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The Composition of the International Courts

The Composition of the International Courts

(p.24) 2 The Composition of the International Courts
Selecting International Judges: Principle, Process, and Politics

Ruth MacKenzie

Kate Malleson

Penny Martin

Philippe Sands

Oxford University Press

Different factors determine the composition of the international bench. The most important are the court's governing rules and conventions, including individual selection criteria for judges and rules about the composition of the bench as a whole; the available pool of candidates; and the practice and priorities of member states. This chapter reviews the interplay of these factors as they affect the ICJ and the ICC. It also considers current debates and trends in relation to the composition of international courts more generally, including questions about the composition of the bench as a whole, in terms of geographic representation and the place of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council; the representation of different legal systems; the need for certain types of legal expertise and a particular combination of legal experience on the bench; and the promotion of gender balance.

Keywords:   judges, international courts, International Court of Justice, International Criminal Court, judicial selection

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