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The Kantian AestheticFrom Knowledge to the Avant-Garde$
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Paul Crowther

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199579976

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579976.001.0001

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The Transcendental Deduction: Objective Knowledge and the Unity of Self‐Consciousness

The Transcendental Deduction: Objective Knowledge and the Unity of Self‐Consciousness

Chapter:
(p.9) 1 The Transcendental Deduction: Objective Knowledge and the Unity of Self‐Consciousness
Source:
The Kantian Aesthetic
Author(s):

Paul Crowther (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579976.003.0002

This chapter addresses and revises a foundational feature of Kant's epistemology, namely the Transcendental Deduction. It shows how Kant's argument attempts to prove that the objective unification of a sensible manifold (achieved through the categories) and the objective unity of self-consciousness (or, as Kant sometimes terms it, the ‘pure’ or ‘original unity’ of ‘apperception’) are reciprocally dependent. One cannot have the one without the other. Kant's arguments on these lines (in the revised ‘B’-version of the Critique of Pure Reason) are analyzed critically. His basic position is then reconstructed in a more viable form. This involves three stages that make use of ideas from Gareth Evans and Shaun Gallagher. Special attention is paid to the role of the categories and productive imagination in the ontogenesis of experience.

Keywords:   Kant, epistemology, Transcendental Deduction, Critique of Pure Reason, objective unification, unity of self-consciousness, Gareth Evans, Shaun Gallagher, productive imagination, objective knowledge

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