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Securing the World EconomyThe Reinvention of the League of Nations, 1920-1946$
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Patricia Clavin

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199577934

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577934.001.0001

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Society and Economy in Global Partnership, 1935–1938

Society and Economy in Global Partnership, 1935–1938

(p.159) 5 Society and Economy in Global Partnership, 1935–1938
Securing the World Economy

Patricia Clavin

Oxford University Press

Within the League the creative foment around national planning and welfare triggered by the Great Depression, the emergent debate about the structure of the League, and the crisis in global security with first Asia, then Africa and eventually Europe at war, re-energized and recast some of the diverse ways of thinking about what comprised ‘security’ evident at the founding of the League. A new concept of ‘Positive Security’ emerged linked also to the functionalist ideas of David Mitrany — which produced a policy response and a language of ‘development’ in the secretariat more usually identified with the years after 1945. EFO also drew out the monetary dimension to the problems of poorer, primary-producing nations. Although framed in global terms, the political and cultural core of this work centred on Europe where the League moved from a preoccupation with agricultural production to a broader interest in the quality of ‘rural life’.

Keywords:   positive security, human security, League of Nation's nutrition enquiry, David Mitrany, Jan Smuts, Frank McDougall, europeanization, international development, International Labour Organization, economic appeasement

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